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Temple as Cosmos or Temple in the Cosmos: Priests, Purity, Sacrifice, and Angels

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter analyzes two distinct symbolic understandings of the Jerusalem temple and its rituals. It finds evidence for a belief in the temple as representing the cosmos in Josephus, Philo and ... More


Sinful People, Impure Priests, and Inadequate Structures: The Temple as Defiled and Rejected

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines literature discovered at Qumran and related literature, including the Temple Scroll, with an eye toward describing more fully the anti-temple polemics articulated. It identifies ... More


The Purity of the Second Temple in Rabbinic Literature

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines an array of rabbinic sources concerning the temple, including Mishnah, Midrash, and Talmud, drawing a number of contrasts with Qumran literature in particular. The Rabbis seem ... More


Halakhah in the Making: The Development of Jewish Law from Qumran to the Rabbis

Aharon Shemesh

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520259102
eISBN:
9780520945036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259102.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book offers a comprehensive study of the legal material found in the Dead Sea Scrolls and its significance in the greater history of Jewish religious law (Halakhah). The study revives an issue ... More


Performative Reading and Text Interpretation at Qumran

Martin S. Jaffee

in Torah in the Mouth: Writing and Oral Tradition in Palestinian Judaism, 200 BCE - 400 CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195140675
eISBN:
9780199834334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140672.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Explores the nature of oral‐performative reading and text‐interpretive tradition in the scribal community (Yakhad) associated with the Qumran ruins and the Dead Sea scrolls. The focus is upon the ... More


Solar and Lunar Calendars

Sacha Stern

in Calendar and Community: A History of the Jewish Calendar, 2nd Century BCE to 10th Century CE

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270348
eISBN:
9780191600753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270348.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Ancient sources including the books of Enoch and Jubilees, Qumran and related literature, Philo, Josephus, Graeco‐Roman, and early Christian sources, reveal that a variety of solar and lunar ... More


Impurity and Sin in the Literature of Qumran

Jonathan Klawans

in Impurity and Sin in Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195132908
eISBN:
9780199848850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195132908.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter addresses the literature of Qumran, focusing on the texts that were not only unearthed at Qumran, but also generally recognized to have been composed by the group that settled here. The ... More


Secret Groups in Ancient Judaism

Michael E. Stone

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190842383
eISBN:
9780190842413
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842383.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The thesis advanced in this work is that the model of a secret or esoteric group is fruitful for studying various movements and groups in the Greco–Roman world. This is worked out in the extremely ... More


The Dead Sea Scrolls and Authoritative Scriptures

Timothy H. Lim

in The Formation of the Jewish Canon

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780300164343
eISBN:
9780300164954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300164343.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Qumran-Essene theory states that manuscripts discovered by Bedouin goatherds in caves by the Dead Sea in 1947 belong to the community of the Essenes. Since the beginning of research, scholars ... More


The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea

Joan E. Taylor

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199554485
eISBN:
9780191745911
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554485.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

Ever since the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in caves near the site of Qumran in 1947, this mysterious cache of manuscripts has been associated with the Essenes, a ‘sect’ configured as marginal ... More


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