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A minimalist approach to Jespersen’s Cycle in Welsh

David Willis

in Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199582624
eISBN:
9780191731068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582624.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter gives a minimalist analysis of the development of clausal negation in Welsh. It attests the familiar Jespersen's Cycle with negation: The Modern Welsh negative marker ddim descends from ... More


Sources of change in the German syntax of negation

Agnes Jäger

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter explains the main negation markers in the history of German are the neg‐particles ni/ne (Neg°), ni(c)ht (SpecNegP), and n‐words. It also details the ratio of these and their ... More


Arabic Indefinites, Interrogatives, and Negators: A Linguistic History of Western Dialects

David Wilmsen

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198718123
eISBN:
9780191787485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718123.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

That some dialects of Arabic negate with a pre-posed mā alone, some with what is called ‘bipartite’ negation mā … š, and some with post-positive -š alone has invited comparisons with a similar ... More


On the age and origins of spoken Arabic vernaculars: An unresolved question

David Wilmsen

in Arabic Indefinites, Interrogatives, and Negators: A Linguistic History of Western Dialects

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198718123
eISBN:
9780191787485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718123.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The labels ‘Old Arabic’, ‘Middle Arabic’, and ‘Neo-Arabic’ used in Arabic linguistics give the impression of a chronological sequence, implying that the oldest form of Arabic is something like the ... More


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