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Accuracy and the Laws of Credence

Accuracy and the Laws of Credence

Richard Pettigrew

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198732716
eISBN:
9780191797019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732716.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book explores a particular way of justifying the rational principles that govern credences (or degrees of belief). The main principles that the book justifies are the central tenets of Bayesian ... More

Across the BoundariesExtrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Daniel Steel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The biological and social sciences often generalize causal conclusions from one context to others that may differ in some relevant respects, as is illustrated by inferences from animal models to ... More

Addiction and Self-ControlPerspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Neil Levy (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199862580
eISBN:
9780199369638
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199862580.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Addiction seems to involve a significant degree of loss of control over behaviour, yet it remains mysterious how such a loss of control occurs and how it can be compatible with the retention of ... More

The Advancement of ScienceScience Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions

The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions

Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096538
eISBN:
9780199833351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096533.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The Advancement of Science attempts to understand the notions of scientific progress, scientific objectivity, and the growth of knowledge by taking up the challenges that have been ... More

Agents and Goals in Evolution

Agents and Goals in Evolution

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815082
eISBN:
9780191852909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815082.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind

In evolutionary biology, there is a mode of thinking which is quite common, and philosophically significant. This is ‘agential thinking’. In its paradigm case, agential thinking involves treating an ... More

The Ant TrapRebuilding the Foundations of the Social Sciences

The Ant Trap: Rebuilding the Foundations of the Social Sciences

Brian Epstein

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199381104
eISBN:
9780199381128
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381104.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

We live in a world of crowds and corporations, legislatures and languages, money and markets. These are all social objects—they are made, at least in part, by people and communities. But what exactly ... More

The Artful SpeciesAesthetics, Art, and Evolution

The Artful Species: Aesthetics, Art, and Evolution

Stephen Davies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658541
eISBN:
9780191746253
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658541.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Science

This book explores the idea that our aesthetic responses and art behaviors are connected to our evolved human nature. Our humanoid forerunners displayed aesthetic sensibilities hundreds of thousands ... More

Articulating the WorldConceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The most difficult challenge for naturalists in philosophy is accounting for scientific understanding of nature as itself a scientifically intelligible natural phenomenon. This book advances ... More

Basic Structures of RealityEssays in Meta-Physics

Basic Structures of Reality: Essays in Meta-Physics

Colin McGinn

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199841103
eISBN:
9780199919529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841103.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This book deals with questions of metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophy of mind from the vantage point of physics. Combining general philosophy with physics, it covers such topics as the ... More

Because Without CauseNon-Causal Explanations in Science and Mathematics

Because Without Cause: Non-Causal Explanations in Science and Mathematics

Marc Lange

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190269487
eISBN:
9780190269500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269487.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The way some scientific explanations work is not by describing causal connections between events or by describing the world’s overall causal structure. Furthermore, mathematicians regard some proofs ... More

BehavingWhat's Genetic, What's Not, and Why Should We Care?

Behaving: What's Genetic, What's Not, and Why Should We Care?

Kenneth F. Schaffner

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195171402
eISBN:
9780190464103
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171402.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

This book provides an overview of the recent history and methodology of behavioral genetics and psychiatric genetics. The perspective is primarily philosophical and addresses a wide range of issues, ... More

Being ReducedNew Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Jakob Hohwy and Jesper Kallestrup (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There are few more unsettling philosophical questions than this: ‘what happens in attempts to reduce some properties to some other more fundamental properties?’ Reflection on this question inevitably ... More

Best ExplanationsNew Essays on Inference to the Best Explanation

Best Explanations: New Essays on Inference to the Best Explanation

Kevin McCain and Ted Poston (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198746904
eISBN:
9780191809125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746904.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Explanatory reasoning is quite common. Not only are rigorous inferences to the best explanation used pervasively in the sciences, explanatory reasoning is virtually ubiquitous in everyday life. ... More

Between Probability and CertaintyWhat Justifies Belief

Between Probability and Certainty: What Justifies Belief

Martin Smith

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755333
eISBN:
9780191816635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755333.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

According to a widespread view, whether one has justification for believing a proposition is determined by how probable that proposition is, given one’s evidence. In the present book this view is ... More

Beyond BiofatalismHuman Nature for an Evolving World

Beyond Biofatalism: Human Nature for an Evolving World

Gillian Barker

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171885
eISBN:
9780231540391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171885.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Beyond Biofatalism is a response to the idea that evolutionary psychology reveals human beings to be incapable of building a more inclusive, cooperative, and egalitarian society. Considering the ... More

Beyond EvolutionHuman Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Anthony O'Hear

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The theory of evolution may be successful in explaining natural history, but it is of limited value when applied to the human world. Because of our reflectiveness and rationality, as embodied in ... More

BioaestheticsMaking Sense of Life in Science and the Arts

Bioaesthetics: Making Sense of Life in Science and the Arts

Carsten Strathausen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781517900755
eISBN:
9781452957715
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9781517900755.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Bio-Aesthetics. A Critique examines the rising influence of evolutionary theory across academic disciplines today. Empowered by neo-Darwinian theory and recent advances in neuroscientific research, ... More

The Biological Foundations of Bioethics

The Biological Foundations of Bioethics

Tim Lewens

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198712657
eISBN:
9780191781001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712657.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Much work in bioethics, and also work in mainstream ethics and in political philosophy, is committed to substantive positions regarding the interpretation of biology. Sometimes these commitments are ... More

The Book of Evidence

The Book of Evidence

Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What is required for a fact to be evidence for a hypothesis? In this book Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence, which he calls potential, veridical, epistemic‐situation, and subjective. He ... More

Borrowed KnowledgeChaos Theory and the Challenge of Learning across Disciplines

Borrowed Knowledge: Chaos Theory and the Challenge of Learning across Disciplines

Stephen H. Kellert

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226429786
eISBN:
9780226429809
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226429809.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What happens to scientific knowledge when researchers outside the natural sciences bring elements of the latest trend across disciplinary boundaries for their own purposes? Researchers in fields from ... More

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